ii. NKEA EPP 10 Program – Strengthening Rice Plant Productivity in Muda Areas
a. NKEA EPP 10 Program Background
Implementation of the NKEA Rice Estates Project EPP 10 was initiated in 2011 in the Muda Regions under the Government Transformation Program to address three (3) major issues of low infrastructure density, uneconomic farm size and old farmers in improving rice yields.
Therefore, Entry Point Project 10 (EPP 10): Strengthening Rice Plant Productivity in Muda Areas is one of the Government’s efforts to increase the income of farmers in the Muda Regions. The actions to be taken under EPP 10 are:
– Encourage commercial scale paddy cultivation by establishing standard rice farming contracts and financial incentives to enable paddy farmers to outsource their paddy management.
– Increase the density of farm infrastructure to a minimum of 30 meters / hectare.
– Increase the involvement of farmers in the entire rice value chain.
Through the involvement of farmers under the NKEA EPP 10 program, farmers will benefit through increased yields and further increase income where net yields are fully obtained by farmers at optimum costs, incentive payments within agreed periods, other incentives such as dividends from the Area Farmers’ Organization (PPK) and payment of wages to farmers registering to work under the KDP who work on the farm.
b. Achievement in 2016
3. Implementation of NKEA EPP 10 Paddy Estate Project in 2016
Implementation of NKEA EPP 10 Paddy Estate Project has started in Season 2/2011. As of 2016, the project area has reached 30,623,179 hectares (Chart 7) compared to the cumulative target of 30,000 hectares (102%) involving a total of 16,595 farmers in 551 projects. The performance of the area and number of farmers who have joined the NKEA Rice Estates Project EPP 10 for 2016 is 5,296,660 hectares with the involvement of 2,383 farmers.
The performance of the area and the number of farmers in Group A, B, C, D, E and F who participated in NKEA EPP 10 Paddy Estate Project by Region for 2011 to 2016 are as follows: –
The average yield of the NKEA EPP 10 Paddy Estate Project for 2016 is 6,315 tonnes / hectare, taking into account the average yield achieved for Season 2/2015 of 6.305 tonnes / hectare and Season 1/2016 of 6,325 tonnes / ha. The average achievement in 2016 showed an increase of 0.628 tonnes compared to 2015. Among the factors contributing to the increase in yields in the project was due to the reduction of pest and disease and paddy crop management in the project area. In addition, the expansion program involving rice raising campaigns to the project management body also helped to improve the project management under the supervision of the KDP.
The average performance of the NKEA EPP 10 Paddy Estate Project by Region for 2012 to 2016 is as follows: