DAM & WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT PROGRAM
A. DEPRECIATION OF WATER FOR FULFILLING REQUIREMENTS OF INTEGRATION OF PADDY TWICE PER YEAR
MADA manages and manages three (3) dam units namely Pedu, Muda and Ahning Dam. This responsibility is to ensure that the emission of water from the dam is consistent to ensure that rice crops twice a year in the Muda Area can be carried out and will increase the yield of rice for the needs of the country. In addition to the water supply for irrigation in the Muda Area, water released from the dam is also for domestic and industrial use in the Northern Kedah, Perlis Selatan and Langkawi Island areas. To ensure the sustainability and sustainability of the dam water resources, it is MADA’s responsibility to manage the lake and catchment area more efficiently.
In 2016, the El Nino phenomenon hit the country. The apparent effect of this phenomenon is the lack of rainfall and dry weather. Muda areas receive low rainfall and dry weather throughout the year. The catchment area for the three dams is also in the same situation.
The effect of this change in the weather causes the quantity of water discharge for irrigation and domestic demand from the three dams to increase over the previous year. Whereas the quantity of inflow of the three dams also decreases significantly.
The Pedu dam, which is the main source of irrigation supply for paddy crops in Muda Region, recorded the lowest level of 271.86 ft MSL (31.5% reservoir) on July 18, 2016. This is the lowest record in 11 years. By the end of 2016, the Pedu Dam reservoir was able to hold 46%.
Given the critical reservoir situation, MADA has taken proactive measures to introduce a dry-hold campaign for Season I / 2017.
Following the request by the Kedah State Government, the MADA has been discharged through the 33Mm3 Water Dam to provide water for the Sungai Muda basin in April and May 2016 for domestic needs. This allows all SADA Water Treatment Plant located along Sungai Muda to operate without interruption.
During the year 2016 the quantity of water discharge from the Pedu Dam is 1067Mm 3 while the inflow to the Pond pool is 577Mm3. The comparison is like the chart below:
The quantity of water emission from the Ahning Dam is as much as 149Mm3 while the inflow of the Pedu reservoir is 74Mm3. This comparison is like the chart below:
Meanwhile, the release from the Muda Dam is as much as 33Mm3 and the quantity of inflow into the Muda reservoir pool during 2016 is 74Mm3. This comparison is as follows: