Based on the chart above, Season 1/2016 saw the practice of wet-saturating practices still being the main practice of farmers in the Muda Regions.

Paddy Plant Density
During Season 2/2015 and Season 1/2016 Season 2/2015 saw a total of 100,636 hectares of the entire Muda Regions (100,685 hectares) successfully planted with seasonal density of 99.9%. A total of 49 hectares of land can not be planted in Phase II and III regions of Region I, Perlis, Region II, Jitra and WIlayah III, Pendang.

For Season 1/2016 saw a total of 100,602 hectares of the entire Muda Regions (100,685 hectares) successfully planted with seasonal density of 99.9%. A total of 83 hectares of land can not be planted ie Phase I and II, Region I, Perlis and WIlayah III, Pendang.

Among the main problems that caused paddy cultivation to be unsuccessful in the area was due to the problem of soil, change of land use from agricultural land to development land and land title problem, which is the process of land wills to farmers’ children.

Progress of Paddy / Harvesting Activity throughout Season 2/2015 and Season 1/2016
Overall, throughout the Season 2/2015 the progress of paddy cultivation activities has shown encouraging progress with farmers following a set schedule where actual progress is similar to the analyzes analyzed. The existing water source factor, which is a lot of rainfall at the beginning of the season, has played a role in compliance with the progress of paddy cultivation activities. The status of the three dams in the Muda Regions at a comfortable level with the Pedu Dam has 86% reservoir (752,810 acres), the Muda Dam has a reservoir of 82.5% reservoir (103,080 acres) and Ahning Dam has 81.4% reservoir (181,527 acres ) at the start of the season, September 28, 2015. However, there is a delay in paddy cultivation activities for Season 1/2016 in the Muda Regions which is later than one week from the date of supply in the Paddy Planting Schedule, this is due to incredible dry weather events (Super El- Nino). Most reservoirs in Malaysia at that time, at a critical stage. Beris Dam has a critical reservoir at that point where water can not be released to irrigate the South Kedah area. Nevertheless, the three dams in the Muda Area are still at a comfortable level. At the beginning of the season, March 23, 2016, Pedu Dam has 84.5% reservoir (739,680 acres), the Muda Dam has reservoirs of 33.2% reservoir (41,530 acres) and Ahning Dam has 80.8% reservoir (222,070 acres).

The percentage of planting activity in Muda Region reached 90% in the 8th week (November 11, 2015) compared to forecasts on 2 December 2015, witnessing the farmers committed in carrying out paddy cultivation activities on schedule set for Season 2/2015.

For Season 1/2016, the percentage of planting activity in Muda Region has reached 90% in the 10th week (June 1, 2016) compared to forecasts on June 8, 2016, seeing the farmers committed in carrying out paddy cultivation activities on schedule. Due to incredible dry weather events (Super El- Nino) throughout the growing season, there was a delay at the beginning of planting due to the difficulty of achieving the preliminary set in the designated period.

Campaign efforts organized by the Jom Turun Bendang Program Season 1/2016, ‘Mobile Unit’ by the Region and delivery through Friday sermon was conducted and presented as a warning and reminders to farmers to accelerate paddy cultivation activities.

The entire area planted in Season 2/2015 was successfully harvested on the 23rd week (24th February 2016) compared to the forecast on March 30, 2016. However, the floods that took place in October 2015 where at that time the red flood was raging in the east coast area affecting harvesting activities for Season 2/2015 as the rain descends according to the growth of paddy that needs water. The entire planted area was successfully harvested on week 26 (September 21, 2016) compared to forecasts on October 5, 2016. However, floods that occurred in July 2016 did not affect harvesting activities for Season 1/2016 due to large tides that resulted in the area paddy submerged near the shore where many rain water can not be drained out to sea. However, the area involved is only 1.338 hectares with paddy age between 20 – 100 days in Region III, Pendang and Region IV, Kota Sarang Semut.

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