Hydrology and Water Management
In the face of the challenges of water resource instability, efficient and effective management is important in ensuring the continuity of the implementation of paddy crops two (2) times a year that directly raises yields. Irrigation water management includes the distribution, coordination and monitoring of water resources (rainfall, dam supplies, uncontrolled flows, reuse pumping operations) in Muda Area.

Water Resources Season 2/2015
The water source for Season 2/2015 (September – February) can be summarized as follows:

Based on the chart, for Season 1/2016 Muda Areas optimize the recorded offspring of 56%. This is due to the heavy rainfall events that have fallen during the season to enable farmers to carry out their activities (re-establishing water after planting and land preparation) as well as the suitability of paddy growing in need of water.

Water Resources Season 1/2016
Water source for Season 1/2016 (March – August) can be summarized as follows:


On the basis of the chart, it was found that the use of recharge pump for Season 1/2016 was very high recorded at 14% compared to an average of 8%. This is due to the incredible drought and extreme dry weather (Super El-Nino) this season especially at the start of the season where MADA had to release water from the dam and maximize the use of pumps to enable farmers to carry out their activities ( retaining water after sowing and land preparation).

Efficiency of Water Resources
The table below shows the number of water resources / uses in Muda Areas for Season 2/2015 and 1/2016.

The efficiency of water resources is a comparison of the water requirement for plants with the amount of water resources / use for paddy cultivation purposes.

The efficiency of water use in 2016 was 65%.

In conclusion, paddy cultivation for the year 2016 can be successfully carried out. The density of plants in the Muda Regions for this season is 99.9% with the majority of farmers using MR 220 CL2 varieties. The average gross revenue for 2016 is 6.20 tonnes per hectare.

Throughout 2016, the water management has been effective and efficient. The MADA managed to optimize existing water resources to implement and sustain paddy cultivation activities for 2016 despite the incidence of Super El-Nino and the Extra-Flood Sea and floods throughout 2016.

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