Deer Breeding In Pedu
The Muda Agricultural Development Authority (MADA) started implementing the deer breeding project at the Pedu Dam in an area of 2.6 hectares in 1994. Ten paddocks for the growing of grass were prepared from this area. The deer bred were allowed to graze on the grass planted following each paddock’s turn as well as given additional food pellets.
Deer belongs to the Cervidae family and they can be found almost anywhere around the world – Europe, North and South America, as well as a large part of Asia.
The two main objectives of this project are to make the area in Pedu an additional attraction to visitors and tourists and as a place for learning, research and observations, especially by students.
At the beginning of this project, 10 deer of the Cervus timorensis species were placed in the area. The deer were obtained from the Veterinary Breeding Centre, Veterinary Services Department at Behrang Ulu, Perak. Later in 1997, four sika deer (Cervus nippon) were purchased from a private deer farm in Gunung Jerai and after that, at the end of 2001, a samba deer (Cervus unicolor) was purchased from Malacca Zoo.
From records, there are 40 deer families known today, including a number of sub-species. The species bred come from the species Red Deer (Cervus elapus), Wapiti or Elk, Fallow Deer (Dama-dama), sika deer (Cervus nippon), chital deer (Axis-axis). The most widely bred species is eastern deer (Cervus timorensis). In Malaysia, there is a wild deer known as the sambar deer (Cervus unicolor) which is a protected species because of its decreasing population.